News    The Project    Technology    RoboSpatium    Contribute    Subject index    Download    Responses    Games    Links    Shopping tips    Contact   




<<< 3D-Drucker Tevo Michelangelo          Lunar eclipse 2015 >>>

3D printer Zonestar M8R2

The video about the Zonestar M8R2 3D printer


Get the printer at Gearbest.com_
Have a look at the column Shopping Tips to get special offers.
Limitied offer for CR-10S with Coupon Code: HFM8R2

Only two small spools of PLA filament come with the kit, thus don't forget to order filament.

About the printer

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer
Figure 1:
The frame is made of 1.5mm steel panels which is not the thickness of tanks. As a result, the construction bends noticeably at the top when applying side load.
Two extruder motors forward 1.75mm filament into one hotend. With this 2 in 1 concept you can print objects in two different colors using one type of plastics.
The design of the mechanics of this extremely low-priced filament printer is more or less based on the Prusa i3. A large community grew over the years around printers of this type, so there are gigabytes of files available enabling tinkerers to upgrade hard-and software of the M8R2. Considering the low price, you can't expect to get a perfect machine and you must be willing to upgrade the design by yourself, however there are more expensive printers available that turn out to be imperfect out of the box as well. Improving a machine is part of the fun for all tinkerers like me.

Assembly

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer kit
Figure 2:
The M8R2 ships as a kit with only a few components being preassembled, so that it is great for people that want to understand how filament printers work.
The build instruction is on the SD card that ships with the printer. It's not in perfect English, however the numerous drawings are self-explanatory.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer different views
Figure 3:
I needed 6 hours for the assembly and I took many pictures and recorded a couple of video sequences in that time as well. Those pictures are available as download package (35MB) and are meant to help if you run into trouble during the assembly of your printer.

Electronics

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer mainboard
Figure 4:
The mainboard offers many free interfaces for upgrades:
There are interfaces for filament sensors, a second hotend or a distance sensor so that you can implement auto leveling.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer power supply
Figure 5:
The wiring is done quickly - all motors and end switches have plugs with protection against reverse polarity and all cables are covered with fabric tubes. Heated bed and hotend are connected through screw terminals, however that's where polarity doesn't matter. Screw terminals are also used for the power supply of the mainboard, but here the wrong polarity will damage your printer immediately! Keep in mind that the black cable must be connected to ground, while the red cable is for the +12V line.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer switchable plug
Figure 6:
The insulation of the terminals of the mains voltage is insufficient. Same is for the power supply, a type often used in cheap printers. Additionally, the power switch is a bit hidden and close to the terminals of the mains voltage - my advice is to leave it in ON position and use a switchable socket - with that you can turn off the printer quickly in case something goes totally wrong.

Firmware

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer Firmware
Figure 7:
The firmware installed on my M8R2 was based on Repetier, offering lots of adjustments. Meanwhile I got a mail from the Zonestar team that a new version is available. This one is based on Marlin, having fewer submenues, but resulting in better print quality. The hex files of both versions are available as download package (1.3MB).
Unfortunately the source code is not available.

Upgrades

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer Upgrades
Figure 8:
The only upgrade I have implemented yet, is a aluminum bar on top of the frame that keeps the cables away from the dial switch.
Leave a comment if you already have any experience in upgrading your own M8R2 or if you have ideas of how to improve this printer - thanks!

Sample prints

Zonestar M8R2 3D printer sample print cuboid
Figure 9:
Material: PLA
Layer height: 0.2mm
Dimensions: 150x20x22mm
Print time: 10 Stunden

When going from the extruder motor with the black filament to the one with the blue plastics, there is no rapid change in color on the nozzle. Not until all of the molten, black plastics inside the hotend is squeezed out of the nozzle by the blue filament, the color change is done. You must design your object in such a way, that the change in color happens while printing the inner structure so that the visible, outer perimeters are printed afterwards. It's tricky to design, but as you can see, it works fine with the labeled cuboid shown here. The change back from blue to black also needs a couple of millimeters of filament until it's done.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer sample print traffic cone
Figure 10:
Material: PLA
Layer height: 0.2mm
Dimensions: 88x88x60mm
Print time: 2.5 Stunden

More simple to design and print are changes in color between layers. Same as before, the change from orange to white doesn't happen immediately, however it's not that important, where inside the layer it appears.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer sample print ABS
Figure 11:
Material: ABS
Layer height: 0.2mm
Dimensions: 150x110x40mm
Print time: 8 Stunden

With a maximum temperature of the print bed of more than 100C, you get a good adhesion of ABS on the surface of the build plate - the box I am printing here has a base area of 15x11cm. However, sticking on the build plate isn't all you have to fight when printing materials with a high rate of shrinking - you can see cracks between layers on the edges. If you do lots of prints in ABS, you should consider building an enclosure for the M8R2, which also helps fighting the bad smell of fumes evaporating from ABS while printing. The M8R2 can print smaller objects using ABS with no problem.
Zonestar M8R2 3D printer sample print cable chain
Figure 12:
Material: PLA
Layer height: 0.2mm
Dimensions: 34x30x16mm
Print time: 9 Stunden

A disadvantage of the 2 in 1 hotend is Oozing - you can see lots of thin strings between the parts, however they are easy to remove after the print is finished. The over all print quality is not outstanding, but good - the chain links work as they come out of the printer and that's what counts in rapid prototyping.


<<< 3D-Drucker Tevo Michelangelo          Lunar eclipse 2015 >>>


News    The Project    Technology    RoboSpatium    Contribute    Subject index    Archives    Download    Responses    Games    Links    Shopping tips    Contact    Imprint   





Google Plus Twitter Facebook YouTube Hackaday Patreon TPO